The National Indigenous Reform Agreement, or NIRA, is a framework that aims to improve the lives of Indigenous Australians. It is a partnership agreement between the Australian Government and Indigenous Australians, and it aims to address the systemic disadvantage experienced by Indigenous Australians in areas such as health, education, employment, and justice.

One of the key principles of the NIRA is self-determination, which means that Indigenous Australians are empowered to make decisions about their own lives and communities. The agreement also recognizes the importance of Indigenous knowledge, culture, and language, and aims to promote these in all aspects of society.

The NIRA was originally established in 2008 and has since been updated to reflect changes in government policy and the needs of Indigenous Australians. It currently consists of six targets that aim to close the gap between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians in areas such as infant mortality rates, educational achievement, and employment.

The NIRA is a complex agreement that involves a range of stakeholders, including government departments, Indigenous organizations, and community groups. It requires ongoing collaboration and consultation, and it is regularly reviewed to ensure that it is achieving its objectives.

In recent years, there has been criticism that the NIRA has not been effective in addressing the systemic disadvantage experienced by Indigenous Australians. Some argue that the targets are too narrow and do not address the root causes of inequality, while others argue that the government has not provided adequate funding and support.

Despite these criticisms, the NIRA remains an important tool in the ongoing effort to improve the lives of Indigenous Australians. It provides a framework for collaboration and partnership between Indigenous Australians and the government, and it has the potential to drive positive change and promote greater equality and justice for all Australians.